References: PATENTS
“The Bioscreen C instrument from Growth Curves, U.S.A. is a workhorse tool for generating the data needed to build and support intellectual property claims in the field of industrial microbiology. A recent search of the US Patent & Trademark Office's website ( for the term "Bioscreen" yielded 36 patents and 84 patent applications in areas as diverse as biofuel or solvent production, vaccine research, pharmacological drug discovery and development of antimicrobials for food or clinical applications. This widespread use of the Bioscreen highlights the recognized utility of this instrument among industrial researchers.” 

Use of glycine and/or glycine derivatives as antibacterial agent against gram negative bacterial pathogens in foods and/or drinks. Bontenbal, E.E.W., T.V. De Bert. 2006. U.S. Patent Application US 2006/0127546 A1.

J., Schneider, G., Schreiber, J., Teichmann, S., and F. Wolf. 2002. Bunger, Use of sugar derivatives as antimicrobial, antimycotic and/or antiviral active substances. U.S. Patent Application US 2002/0165168 A1.

Elsser, D., Morgan, A.J., Thomas, V.T. and S. Yu. 2003. Antimicrobial agent. U.S. Patent Application US 2003/0203963 A1.

Sas, B., Van hemel, J., Vandenkerckhove, J., Peys, E., Van der Eycken, J., and S. Van Hoof. 2008. Furanose-type bicyclic carbohydrates with biological activity. U.S. Patent 7,368,475 B2.

Contreras RH, Eberhardt I, Luyten, WHM, Reekmans, RJ, Bax-Responsive genes for drug target identification in yeast and fungi, United States Patent Application 20040161840, August 19, 2004. (CN00092)

Druggan P, Selective growth media, United States Patent Application 20040048778, March 11, 2004. (CN00378)

Ellington AD, Hesselberth J, Thompson K, Robertson MP, Regulatable, catalytically active nucleic acids, United States Patent Application 20040126882, July 1, 2004. (CN00357)

Felice CJ, Madrid RE, Apparatus for the analysis of microorganisms growth and procedure for the quantification of microorganisms concentration, United States Patent Application 20040009572, January 15, 2004. (CN00065)

Palsson BO, Covert MW, Herrgard M, Methods and systems to identify operational reaction pathways, United States Patent Application 20040210398, October 21, 2004. (CN00287)

Rastopov S(Moscow, RU), Optical detection of particles in a liquid medium, United States Patent Application 20040070756, April 15, 2004. (CN00319)

Sas B, Van Hemel J, Vandenkerckhove J, et. al., Bicyclic carbohydrate compounds useful in the treatment of infections caused by Flaviviridae sp., such as hepatitis C and bovine viral diarrhea viruses, United States Patent Application 20040209823, October 21, 2004. (CN00094)

Sas B, Van Hemel J, Vandenkerckhove J, et. al., Furanose-type bicyclic carbohydrates with biological activity, United States Patent Application 20040220251, November 4, 2004. (CN00206)

Tanghe A, Thevelein J, Dijck, PV, Freeze-tolerant eukaryotic cells, United States Patent Application 20040152066, August 5, 2004. (CN00201)

Austin RM. Jr.,, Bacterial isolates from organisms that respire at least partially through their skin and biologically active extracts derived therefrom, United States Patent Application 20030072829, April 17, 2003. (CN00090)

Buchter-Larsen A, Morgan AJ, Yu S, Use (The present invention relates to antimicrobial agents. More specifically, the invention relates to the antimicrobial activity of a series of anhydrofructose derivatives), United States Patent Application 20030187064, October 2, 2003. (CN00451)

Elsser D, Morgan AJ, Thomas, LV, Yu S, Antimicrobial agent, United States Patent Application 20030203963, October 30, 2003. (CN00058)

Gerking L, Hagen R, Richter K, et. al., Method for producing polylactic acid and corresponding device, United States Patent Application 20030158360, August 21, 2003. (CN00284)

Sas B, Van der Eycken J, Van Hemel J, Preparation and use of carbohydrate-based bicyclic ring structures with antimicrobial and cytostatic activity, United States Patent Application 20030158243, August 21, 2003. (CN00340)

Zaneveld LJD, Anderson, RA Jr., Method for the prevention, inhibition, or treatment of vaginitis and/or bacterial vaginosis using polystyrene sulfonate, United States Patent 6,537,538, March 25, 2003. (CN00285)

Cvitkovitch D, Lau PCY, Li, YH, Signal peptides, nucleic acid molecules and methods for treatment of caries, United States Patent Application 20020081302, June 27, 2002. (CN00381)

Bom I, Brul S, Compositions and methods for inhibiting the growth of fungi, United States Patent 6,280,725 August 28, 2001. (CN00126)

Cirigliano MC, Farrell FJ, McKenna RT, Rothenberg PJ, Flavoring materials for use in tea containing beverages, United States Patent 6,022,576 February 8, 2000. (CN00197)

Tuunanen J, Device for measuring optical density, United States Patent 6,111,636 August 29, 2000. (CN00149)

Cirigliano MC, McKenna RT, Rothenberg JP, Tea beverage preservation and method of making, United States Patent 5,773,062 June 30, 1998. (CN00402)

Kreidl J, Szantay C, Czibula L, et. al., Substituted propane-2-OL derivatives, United States Patent 5,707,976 January 13, 1998. (CN00394)

Lommi Heikki, Swinkels; Wilhelmus J. P. M. (Beek en Donk, NL); Viljava; Timo T. (Kantvik, FI); Hammond; Roger C. (Espoo, FI),, Bioreactor with immobilized lactic acid bacteria and the use thereof, United States Patent 5,635,368 June 3, 1997. (CN00098)

Cirigliano MC, McKenna RT, Rothenberg JP, Method of preserving tea containing beverages, United States Patent 5,895,681 April 20, 1999. (CN00286)

Zyskind JW, Use of ectoenzymes and secreted enzymes to monitor cellular proliferation, United States Patent 6,620,585 September 16, 2003. (CN00455)

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